Aprill till October
The fortress of Grmozur, among the inhabitants of the region of Crmnica, known as the “Snake Island” is one of the many military-historical sites that have remained since the Montenegrin-Turkish confrontation. It was built relatively late, compared to other Turkish fortresses in this region, however, it managed to play a significant role both in the military conflict itself and after its end.
The fortress is located on the island of the same name Grmozúr near the village of Godinje, the municipality of Bar, in the northwestern part of Skadar Lake.
The fortification was built by the Turks in 1843 after they captured neighboring fortresses – Vranjina, Lesendro and Zabljak. The erection of another Fort Grmozur allowed the Ottoman Empire to organize an extended fortified line consisting of several fortresses and extend its influence to a significant part of Skadar Lake. The fortress has an area of about 430 m² and is surrounded by stone walls 50-120 cm thick. The fortress building is divided into two parts, each of which has its own door. On the perimeter there are defensive towers.
In 1878, the fortress was captured by Montenegrin troops, and in the same year, King Nicolas I ordered the establishment of a prison on a fortified island. At first, the killers and other hardened criminals served their sentence here. But from the beginning of the twentieth century, political prisoners also appeared in it, for example, Belgrade students who committed an attempt on King Nicolas I. A strict rule was imposed in the prison – in the event of the escape of any of the prisoners, the guilty security guard took their place. Nevertheless, for all time of its existence, one prisoner managed to escape – he used the prison doors as a raft to swim to the shore.
In 1905, a strong earthquake damaged a part of the walls and the tower of the prison, after which the fortress of Grmozur was abandoned. Now it is in a dilapidated state, trips by boats and ships are often organized for curious tourists who are interested in the historical sights of Montenegro.